The main preferences of the Eurasia Economic Union in the migration sphere
In accordance with Section 26 of the Treaty “On the Eurasian Economic Union”, a number of preferences that greatly facilitate the order of stay and work of labor migrants in the territory of the EEU member states (the Russian Federation, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Armenia) will come into force;
The nature of the preferences granted to this category of persons is as follows:
- Activities related to the attraction of migrant workers are carried out by employers without taking into account restrictions on the protection of the national labor market (quotas);
- Migrant workers are not required to obtain work permits in the territory of the EEU member states;
- A migrant worker and his/her family members are exempted from registration (registration at the place of residence) in authorized bodies within 30 days from the date of entry;
- The period of temporary stay of a migrant worker and his/her family members are determined by the duration of the employment contract concluded between the migrant worker and his/her employer;
- In the event of early termination of the employment contract after the expiration of 90 days from the date of entry, a migrant worker has the right to conclude a new employment contract within 15 days, including with another employer in the manner and under the conditions provided for by law.
- Academic certificates issued by educational organizations of the Kyrgyz Republic are recognized without recognition procedures (nostrification), with the exception of academic certificates for pedagogical, legal, medical or pharmaceutical activities;
- Work experience of workers is included in the total work experience for social welfare purposes, except for pension coverage, in accordance with the legislation of the State of employment. Pension coverage is regulated in accordance with a separate international treaty between member states (there is currently no separate agreement but the issue is being discussed);
- Workers have the right to join trade unions on an equal basis with citizens of the State of employment;
- The worker’s children living together with him/her have the right to attend pre-school institutions, to receive education in accordance with the legislation of the State of employment;
- The EEU member states grant workers and their family members the right to receive free emergency medical care (in emergency cases) in the same manner as their citizens receive it and regardless of the availability of a medical insurance policy. In other cases it is necessary to have a medical insurance policy drawn up either by the employer or independently.
The above-mentioned preferences for labor migrants, both for citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic and for citizens of other EEU states, will greatly facilitate their stay and work activity.
Thus, workers from the Kyrgyz Republic will have advantages over workers from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan when they are employed in the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan.
As for the risks for the Kyrgyz Republic, for the above-listed reasons there is a possibility of outflow of the working-age population to work in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan.